TshwaneLex example: Northern Sotho - Chinese dictionary
Copyright (C) 2003-2004 David Joffe and Lorraine Liang
Pre-release, draft version: 0.1, 2004/01/17


This Northern Sotho - Chinese dictionary is being developed using TshwaneLex. This page was generated with the TshwaneLex 'export HTML' feature, using embedded stylesheets. English has been chosen for the display of part of speech, cross-reference and usage labels.

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Articles still marked as incomplete within TshwaneLex have been included, and are marked with a '?'.


? a (consecutive concord) he/she then; they then 然後; (possessive) of (them/these) ; (demonstrative) these 這些; question particle; cohortative particle ("let"); negative past tense (ga re a sepela = we did not walk); present tense marker (e.g. "ke a bala"); subject concord class 6 (e.g. "manaba a a re bolaya") [2004-01-10 02:52:57]

ao (demonstrative) those 那些 [2003-09-02 22:15:46]

? ba (consecutive concord) they then 然後; (possessive) of ; (demonstrative) these (people) e.g. basadi ba = these women 這些; will be with (ke tla ba le bana); be, become [2003-10-06 05:16:42]

bana (pl noun 1/2) 小孩們, 孩子們 [2003-08-31 19:51:14]

banna (pl noun 1/2) 男人們 [2003-08-31 20:56:26]

bao (demonstrative) those 那些 [2003-09-02 22:15:14]

batho (pl noun 1/2) 人們, [2003-08-31 19:47:10]

? be /bê/ (過去式) [2003-10-06 05:17:16]

? bego /bêgo/ [2003-10-06 05:17:26]

? bile [2003-08-31 15:03:40]

bja (consecutive concord) 然後; (possessive) [2003-08-31 21:44:16]

bjale 現在 [2003-08-31 20:48:50]

bjalo (adverb) 如此, 這樣 [2003-09-02 22:54:54]

bjang? 怎麼, 如何 [2003-08-31 20:58:19]

bjo (demonstrative) this 這個 [2003-09-02 22:12:33]

bjona (pronoun) it [2003-09-02 22:00:48]

bjoo (demonstrative) that 那個 [2003-09-02 22:14:59]

bo (object concord, subject concord) [2003-09-02 22:57:01]

bolela /bolêla/ (verb) , [2003-10-06 05:17:48]

bona [1] (verb) [2003-08-31 20:24:58]

bona [2] (pronoun) 他們 [2003-08-31 20:24:52]

di (object concord, subject concord) 它們 [2003-09-02 22:58:13]

dira (verb) 創造, 製造; [2003-08-31 20:51:06]

e (object concord, subject concord) ; (object concord, subject concord) 它們 [2003-09-02 22:59:44]

eng? 甚麼 [2003-08-31 21:03:38]

eupša 但是 [2003-10-06 02:46:59]

fa (demonstrative) here 這裡 [2003-09-02 22:13:49]

fao (demonstrative) there 那裡 [2003-09-02 22:16:46]

fela 但是; 只有; (verb) 結束, 結尾 [2003-09-02 23:05:34]

fihla (verb) 到達; (verb) [2003-09-02 22:27:47]

? ga [2003-12-21 00:14:00]

gago (possessive pronoun) 你的, 妳的, 您的 [2003-08-31 22:08:27]

gagwe (possessive pronoun) 他的, 她的 [2003-08-31 22:08:20]

gape 再次 [2003-08-31 21:04:41]

ge 如果; [2003-08-31 21:05:30]

go ; (object concord) [2003-08-31 21:13:35]

goba (preposition) [2003-08-31 20:42:09]

gobane 因為, 因此 [2003-08-31 20:34:47]

gomme (conjunction) 而且, 並且 [2003-08-31 20:38:16]

? gona (pronoun) it [2003-09-02 22:01:09]

gore (preposition) Ke tseba gore ke swanetše go šoma 我知道我應該工作 [2003-10-06 02:47:21]

gwa (consecutive concord) 然後 [2003-08-31 21:28:34]

ile 去了 [2003-09-02 23:09:26]

? ka (consecutive concord) 然後 [2003-08-31 21:39:29]

kae? 哪裡; 多少 [2003-08-31 20:47:12]

ke (pronoun) ; 它是; [2003-08-31 20:53:59]

kgoši (noun 7) 酋長, 國王 [2003-10-06 02:47:03]

kua (demonstrative) there 那裡 [2003-09-02 22:16:58]

kwa (verb) 視覺; 味覺; 聽覺; 嗅覺; 觸覺 [2003-09-02 23:14:21]

? la (consecutive concord) 然後; (possessive) [2003-08-31 21:43:08]

? le (demonstrative) this 這個 [2003-09-02 22:11:37]

? lego [2003-08-31 15:03:40]

lena (pronoun) 你們 (general), 妳們 (female), 您們 (respectful) [2003-08-31 20:55:37]

leo (demonstrative) that 那個 [2003-09-02 22:14:26]

lona (pronoun) it [2003-09-02 21:57:29]

mang? [2003-08-31 20:10:11]

mme ; OR gomme [2003-08-31 20:39:52]

mo [1] (demonstrative) here 這裡 [2003-09-02 21:25:22]

mo [2] (object concord) , [2003-09-02 23:34:13]

modimo 在上面 [2003-08-31 20:16:15]

moka 全部; 整個 [2003-09-02 22:34:42]

mokgwa (noun 3) 方式, 方法 [2003-09-02 22:38:26]

mola [2003-08-31 21:45:31]

mongwe 另一個; 其它 [2003-09-02 23:19:02]

monna (noun 1/2) (noun 1/2) 男人 [2003-08-31 19:53:46]

moo (demonstrative) there 那裡 [2003-09-02 22:16:31]

morago (preposition) 後面, 以後 [2003-08-31 20:42:26]

morena (noun 1/2) 先生 [2003-08-31 22:03:12]

mosadi (noun 1/2) 女人, 女子 [2003-08-31 20:45:07]

motho (noun 1/2) [2003-08-31 19:43:51]

na ; (verb) 下雨; , , [2003-09-02 23:25:40]

ngwana (noun 1/2) 小孩, 孩子 [2004-01-17 14:27:10]

nna (pronoun) 我 /wǒ/ [2004-01-17 14:29:08]

no [2003-09-02 23:26:02]

o [1] (subject concord) , , ; (object concord, subject concord) ; (subject concord) , [2003-09-02 23:29:00]

o [2] OR wo [2003-09-02 23:30:16]

ona (pronoun) them 它們 [2003-09-02 22:08:53]

pele 在前面; 優先, 最先 [2003-08-31 20:21:17]

pelo (noun 7) , 心臟 [2003-08-31 19:56:47]

ra (consecutive concord) 然後 [2003-08-31 21:39:43]

re 我們; [2003-08-31 22:11:41]

rena (pronoun) 我們 [2003-08-31 20:33:17]

? sa (consecutive concord) 然後; (possessive) [2003-08-31 21:43:45]

? se (demonstrative) this 這個 [2003-09-02 22:11:49]

selo (noun 7/8) 東西 [2003-08-31 21:53:11]

seo (demonstrative) that 那個 [2003-09-02 22:14:39]

šetše 已經 [2003-10-06 02:46:56]

sona (pronoun) it [2003-09-02 21:59:37]

swanetše (verb) 應該 [2003-10-06 02:46:30]

taba (noun 7) 事件, 事情 [2003-09-02 22:24:11]

thoma (verb) 開始 [2003-08-31 19:57:32]

tla 將可能; (verb) [2003-08-31 22:01:39]

tlo [2003-08-31 22:00:56]

tloga (verb) depart 離開, 起程 [2003-09-02 22:22:06]

tša (consecutive concord) 然後; (possessive) [2003-10-06 02:46:33]

tše (demonstrative) these 這些 [2003-10-06 02:46:37]

tseba (verb) 認識 (motho), 知道 (tsebo), 懂 (tsebo) [2003-12-21 00:18:04]

tsebe [1] (noun 7) ear 耳朵 [2003-09-02 21:39:21]

tsebe [2] negative of know 不知道 : ga ke tsebe 我不知道 [2003-09-02 21:41:27]

tšeo (demonstrative) those 那些 [2003-10-06 02:46:41]

tšona (pronoun) them 它們 [2003-10-06 02:46:44]

? wa (consecutive concord) 然後; (possessive) [2003-08-31 21:42:32]

wena (pronoun) 你 (male), 妳 (female), 您 (respectful) [2003-08-31 20:31:28]

wo (demonstrative) this 這個 [2003-09-02 22:11:17]

wona (pronoun) it [2003-09-02 21:56:38]

woo (demonstrative) that 那個 [2003-09-02 22:14:13]

ya (consecutive concord) 然後; (possessive) ; (verb) [2003-08-31 21:57:09]

ye (demonstrative) this 這個; (demonstrative) these 這些; (imperative) go [2003-09-02 22:06:10]

yena (pronoun) , [2003-08-31 20:27:27]

yeo (demonstrative) this 那個; (demonstrative) those 那些 [2003-09-02 22:07:03]

yo [1] (demonstrative) this 這個 [2003-09-02 22:31:43]

yo [2] (= ya + go) (verb) [2003-09-02 22:31:35]

yona (pronoun) it ; (pronoun) them 它們 [2003-09-02 22:25:56]

yoo (demonstrative) that 那個 [2003-09-02 22:11:09]